What are Euro Norms ?
Fiction/Fact about Euro
why are they needed?
First Steps to control
European emission limits
What are EURO I and EURO II
They are the norms for regulating vehicular emissions in Europe. The
norms are expressed in terms of the weight of the pollutants such as carbon
monoxide (CO), hydro-carbons (HC), oxides of nitrogen (Nox) and particulate
matters (PM) emitted per kilometre of vehicular run. These ceilings have
been fixed for various categories of vehicles, for instance, there are
particular emission levels for petrol driven and diesel driven vehicles. The
Euro I norms should have been applicable from the year 2000, and Euro
II from 2005.
Fiction/Fact about Euro Norms
|Being Euro compliant enhances the
performance of cars.
||Euro I norms are solely an
emission standard and not a performance standard. By conforming to them,
the performance of all cars remains unchanged.
|My existing car also needs to be Euro
compliant in NCR of Delhi
||Euro Emission Norms are
only applicable on new vehicles being registered on or after 1st
June, 1999 and not on vehicles earlier. Hence, for existing car owners
there is no additional cost involved.
|If your car is not Euro compliant, you
will face problems in transfer of resale.
||Euro Emission Norms have
no bearing on transfer of ownership of vehicles or resale. In case you
sell your car, you can do so without any problems since cars are
registered only once i.e. at the time of first purchase.
Emission control - why are they needed?
The environment is a major
area of concern, today, the world over. The problem has attracted attention
in India too, as is evident from the concern voiced by the public, and the
recent Supreme Court judgments.
The air quality has indisputably deteriorated with toxic substances from
many sources like industry, automobiles and refrigeration/air - conditioning
equipment, to name a few. All combine to lead the human race Towards
environmental disasters like acid rain, photochemical smog, ozone layer
depletion and other ecological imbalances.
Humans are the immediate victims - from headache, dizziness, eye
irritation, to brain damage, respiratory problems, cancer, kidney damage and
The power that propels automobiles comes from combustion in the combustion
chamber. That is where fuel (hydrocarbons) meets air. Ideally, oxygen in the
air converts all the hydrogen in the fuel into water and all the fuel into
carbon dioxide. But, in reality, combustion also produces unburned
hydrocarbons, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide and water.
First steps to control emission
The first ever step to control emissions was taken in California in 1964,
by specifying minimum emission system control systems on cars on 1966 model
cars. In 1970, the US Congress adopted the first major Clean Air Act and
established the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
In the same year, emission control norms were being set up in Europe and
Japan. The subsequent two decades norms became more comprehensive, the
implementation procedure got fine -tuned and the structural framework
The current decade has seen these norms being tightened, and also the
adoption of a long-term agenda. Europe introduced the Euro series of norms.
|European emission limits in g/kwh
|Heavy duty engines : European 13 - mode test
|| < 0.10