India and Euro Norms (II)
Why does Euro Norms have to be restricted to certain pockets in the
Meanwhile, emission from 18 million vehicles all over the country in
1996 was 43,000 tonnes per day from 32 million vehicles. The projected
figures for 2000 are 63,000 tonnes per day from 65 million vehicles.
On-road emissions can be brought down by 80% by good care, tuning and
cleaning of vehicle engines, by inspection and maintenance, by good emission
worthy fuels and by good roads and traffic management. Good care and
maintenance mean periodical tuning (once in 3 months) cleaning of carbon
deposits (once in 3 months), overhauling carburetor and fuel (once in 6
months) and so on.
The solution lies in collaboration among the automotive and oil companies.
Notably the European Programme on Emission, Fuels and Engines Technology has
amply recognised this view, which addresses the vehicle and fuel system as a
Better roads and traffic management also brings down the emission level by
15 - 20 %
|On- road Vehicle Emission
||Before Control Strategy
||After Control Strategy
Catalytic Converters have become mandatory since 1995 for all passenger
cars that increase efficiency by upto 80 - 90 % with the use of fuel
injection, oxygen sensor and electronic engine management. They also
substantially reduce emissions of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons.
An important factor, when it comes to combating pollution is the age of the
vehicle. Indian laws, whether it is the Central Motor Vehicles Act of 1988
or the Central Motor Vehicles Rules of 1989, place no limit on the age of
vehicles plying on Indian roads and also lack any provisions dealing with
the scraping of old commercial vehicles.
In the meanwhile, the Supreme Court's directives on the application of Euro
Norms do not apply to old, personalized vehicles.
Euro II norms are very much a reality now, so much so that the latest
advertising fad is that the automobile is "Euro II compliant". For
the sake of all those who have been able to brave the pollution, it is time
they had a reprieve.